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Private Pilot Certificate


For many people, flying is a dream, but not everyone dares to bring it to life. Someone is afraid of the difficulty in achieving this goal, someone is not sure that he will cope with responsibility, while others simply do not have enough funds for training.

However, those who are still mentally and financially prepared to overcome all difficulties begin to look for a suitable aviation training center in order to get specialized training and take off for the first time on their own before getting a pilot’s license.

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Categories of pilots in Russia

As in any other professional field, civil aviation assumes the presence of a special theoretical training for the driver of the vehicle, supported by practical skills and an appropriate state of health.

In our country pilot qualification is divided into three main levels depending on the capabilities of the pilot (flights “for oneself”, flights “for a salary” in private companies or as a commander of an airplane owned by a private owner, or serious employment in the field of civilian passenger transportation on airlines). These levels are:

  1. Amateur pilot (since 2009 in all regulatory acts called "Private pilot").
  2. Commercial pilot.
  3. Line pilot.

There are international designations of licenses for these categories. For private pilots, this Ppl (Private Pilot License). CPL (Commercial Pilot License) gives you the right to control aircraft and carry passengers on commercial flights. And finally ATPL - Airline Transport Pilot License - the highest pilot qualification. All pilots on the largest airlines are licensed as a pilot of transport aviation.

Key requirements for obtaining each category of flight license

Categories of flight rights are completely dependent on pilot qualifications. Therefore, in order to obtain a pilot license for each subsequent category, pilots must meet certain requirements that are tightened with each subsequent stage.

So, amateur pilot needs a minimum flying time of forty hours. In addition, citizens under the age of 18 cannot obtain a private pilot license. For admission to practical flights, the student must present a certificate of medical examination of the third category.

To obtain a commercial pilot license, more stringent requirements are imposed. Pilots must:

  1. Have a raid not less than 200 hours.
  2. how commander aircraft, fly at least 100 hours.
  3. Commit route raid at least 20 hours (which should include at least two full landings at airfields).
  4. Have at least ten hours of instrument flight.
  5. Commit no less five hours of night flights (in these raids must be included from five night take-offs and landings).

To obtain the flight rights of a commercial pilot, you must be at least 18 years old and have a successful second-class medical examination.

The most difficult conditions are for candidates in line pilots. In addition to undergoing the most difficult first-class medical examination and reaching the age of 21, pilots must have minimum flying time of 1500 hours.

General requirements for all pilots - high level English proficiency (ability to speak, understand, read and write). The fact is that it is English that is accepted as the international language of aviation.

Medical Board

A medical examination for pilots is almost a key component for obtaining a flight license. The members of the commission are very strict with the candidates, but this is understandable - the future pilot will have to fly the aircraft. And this work is associated with considerable emotional stress, and for more qualified linear pilots - with responsibility for the lives of dozens, or even hundreds of people.

Medical Flight Expert Commission (VLEK) is described in detail in the Federal Aviation Rules No. 50 and is conditionally divided into three classes:

  • third class: all future pilots pass it, this commission is the least strict (but the requirements for its passage are very stringent) and is necessary in order to gain access to training for a private pilot,
  • second class designed for those who already have a civil aviation pilot license and intend to further upgrade their skills,
  • first grade implies the strictest selection, since its successful passage gives the pilot the opportunity to fly civilian aircraft.

The requirements for passing VLEK are very high. The future pilot must have a good vestibular apparatus, one hundred percent vision (laser correction is now allowed), normal pulse and pressure. Before passing the commission you need to collect test results and do extract from the outpatient card.

Experts advise to do in advance ECG, cure all the common cold and sinusitis, and in case of problems with teeth visit the dentist. Of course, a few days before the medical examination need to give up alcohol and other bad habits.

How to become a pilot

In order to become a pilot, you must undergo special training. Those who have decided on a vocation in their youth, prefer go to an aviation instituteHowever, such a desire is fraught with a number of difficulties.

Institutions of higher educationtraining future pilots in Russia only three - in Moscow, St. Petersburg and in Ulyanovsk. Most of the remaining schools are flight colleges and exist on the basis of institutes.

Each university has budget places, however, it’s not so easy to do - in addition to hard selection, applicants must pass fairly strict medical board, since only physically strong people are allowed to fly aircraft without any deviations in health.

In addition, medical examinations will have to take place at each course, and if at least one doctor finds the student unsuitable, the inevitable will follow deduction, no matter how successful such a student is in school.

Upon graduation, having the necessary flying hours, graduates receive the category of commercial pilot and can begin independent flights, so that over time, having gained sufficient experience, be able to switch to work on transportation as a linear pilot.

Since not everyone is ready to study at a university, and not everyone who wants to control an aircraft wants to connect their lives with flights, there are many aviation training centersselling pilot training courses. Such schools must have your own certificategiving the right to conduct training.

Of course, for a student this will cost a lot of money, but if there are no problems with finances, and the desire to fly is very strong, a private school can be a great option.

Obtaining a Russian Private Pilot Certificate

The certificate obtained abroad for flights in Russia requires the passage of an additional procedure - giving strength (validation), the result of which is the issuance of a certificate of giving force to a foreign certificate in the territory of the Russian Federation.

Obtaining a Russian Private Pilot Certificate [edit |

Requirements for applicants to the course

  • Minimum age 16 years
  • Certificate of passing honey. 2nd class commission in accordance with the requirements of EASA (Medical 2 nd> License of a private pilot gives the right to play the role of the FAC (aircraft commander) or co-pilot (co-pilot) during any flight, except for flights related to commercial aviation.

Ground preparation

The total preparation time (hours) is 30 hours and consists of two modules.

Module 1 - Exam Preparation:

  • Air law
  • Aircraft general knowledge
  • Flight performance and planning
  • Human Performance and Limitations
  • Meteorology
  • Navigation
  • Operational procedures
  • Principles of flight
  • Communications

Module 2 - Theoretical training before practical flight training:

  • Maneuvers
  • Weight alignment
  • Flight Planning and Flight Control
  • Radio exchange

Practical flight training - self-raid:

Independent flights under the guidance of a flight instructor

Independent navigational route flights, one of which is 150 nautical miles with two full stops at airports other than the departure airport

Only 20 hours of self-raid + additional min. 1 hour for a practical exam with an examiner

After passing the flight training, the candidate must have flight experience in accordance with the requirements of the Civil Aviation Administration.

45 flight hours includes:

1. 25 hours with an instructor.

2. At least 10 hours of independent flights under the guidance of an instructor, including 5 hours of route flights and at least one route flight with a total range of 540 km (300 nautical miles) with a full stop at two airports, excluding the departure airport.

Theoretical exam

The candidate must demonstrate theoretical knowledge in the form of written tests for the CAA (Civil Aviation Authority, Civil Aviation Administration).

Tests include nine items:

  • Meteorology
  • Navigation
  • Communications
  • Aircraft general knowledge
  • Principles of flight
  • Air law
  • Flight performance and planning
  • Human performance and limitations
  • Operational procedures

To pass the exam, you must pass a test of at least 75%. The theoretical exam for the license of a private pilot (airplane / helicopter) should be successfully passed within 18 months after completing training at the ATO (Approved Training Organization).

Practice exam

A practical exam takes place in the form of a flight with an authorized examiner of the Civil Aviation Administration. The candidate is admitted to the practical exam after successfully passing the theoretical exams. The candidate must demonstrate the following skills:

  • Drive the aircraft within the appropriate operational limits
  • Perform all maneuvers smoothly and accurately
  • Assess the situation and demonstrate flying skills
  • Apply aviation knowledge
  • Maintain control of the aircraft in any situation

For two months and ten thousand dollars

I am a pilot of light aviation.

In less than a year, I went from aerophobic to licensed to a private pilot in the United States. To achieve my goal, I moved to Florida for 2.5 months, studied at the aviation school every day and passed all the exams.

Why I decided to study as a pilot

At 30, I realized that I was an aerophobic. Choking, a frantic heartbeat, sweaty palms, squeezing the arms of chairs - this condition haunted me during each flight.

I began to fuel my illness through the media and the Internet. My favorite series was not “Game of Thrones” or “Breaking Bad”, but “Investigation of Air Crash”.

A side effect of this hobby was good aviation knowledge. I figured out the structure of the aircraft, aerodynamics and the influence of weather conditions. At the beginning of each series of Investigations, my wife and I even began to bet on the possible causes of the disaster.

worth a half-hour flight on an airplane simulator

The turning point was the gift of his wife - flying on an airplane. The flight cost 5,000 R for half an hour. The simulator fully simulates the flight of a real aircraft, with takeoff and landing at any airport in the world, in any weather conditions.

Instructor Michael said that he has CPL - a commercial license for the US pilot. He learned to fly to Florida for six months, and this was the best time of his life.

A few days later I decided to defeat aerophobia and become a pilot.

In the simulator cabin So the flight simulator looks outside: the cabin can shake, swing, it lifts up and lowers realistically


There are two types of pilot licenses: private PPL, private pilot license, and commercial CPL, commercial private license. After training, I was not going to build a career in aviation, so I immediately decided that I wanted to get a private pilot license. It is faster and several times cheaper.

According to my preliminary estimate, in 2015, the PPL license cost about $ 10,000, and the CPL cost $ 40,000.

There are three training options: in training centers in Russia, in schools in Europe or in the USA.

I didn’t consider studying in Europe: firstly, to become a pilot there is on average 20-30% more expensive than even in the USA. For example, a PPL course at the Aeroturs School in Germany would cost € 10,000. Secondly, I did not have a suitable European visa, but I still had an American one.

How I chose where to study as a pilot

CostAbout 500 000 RAbout 350 000 R
Studying time6-8 months2-3 months
RelocationNot neededNeed
AccommodationYou live at homeNeed to book
The carRide your ownNeed to book
WeatherBad, you can fly only on rare sunny daysGreat, you can fly every day
WorkNormallyIn remote mode
LogisticsNeed to ride in the suburbsAirport within the city
InfrastructureBad, rare unpaved airfieldsThe best in the world, thousands of paved airfields
EnglishA basic level ofAt least Upper Intermediate

I did this table in February 2015. I bought dollars earlier, in 2014. Then 1 dollar was worth 35 rubles

I managed to buy dollars just before the appreciation - in 2014, at 35 rubles per dollar. So, studying in the USA will cost me 30% cheaper than in Russia. Yes, you will need to spend every month on housing, a car and food, but you can divide these costs into two. And if you rent a Moscow apartment, then we will be quite capable of living in this mode for several months.

A tight training schedule would maintain the desired level of motivation, and fine weather and infrastructure greatly increased the chances of success.

It was February 2015. We discussed all the details with my wife and decided that it was best to leave in the fall. So, I have about six months to prepare and resolve all issues.

I made a to-do list. It turned out about 25 points. Here are the main ones:

  1. Agree with the supervisor on the remote work.
  2. Find an aviation school.
  3. Book your accommodation.
  4. Find an apartment tenant who agrees to care for our cat.
  5. Expand your knowledge in areas related to aviation.

My work is related to Internet projects, and I can easily work remotely. The difference with the east coast of the USA is +7 hours. We decided to build my workflow like this: early in the morning I do all the urgent tasks and leave for study, and after returning I solve the remaining issues.

School search

I studied all the Russian aviation forums and blogs of people who went through training in the USA. He clarified with instructor Mikhail and his acquaintances where they studied. I accidentally saw an article about former media manager Andrei Borisevich, who bought Skyeagle Aviation School in the United States.

In the United States, Florida, California, and Texas are considered the best states for pilot training. The weather is great there, you can fly 365 days a year. There are also many airfields and high school competition - therefore, low tuition prices.

I chose Florida because I wanted to live by the warm Atlantic Ocean.

I made a list of schools and started sending out letters with questions prepared in advance:

  1. What visa can I study for?
  2. How much does it cost and how long does the PPL course take?
  3. How much does it cost to rent an airplane and an instructor?
  4. Can they help rent a house and a car?
  5. In which month is it better to start training?

In total, I wrote to five schools; I received answers from only three of them. Prices did not differ much: a full training course with 40 hours of flight cost from 8 to 10 thousand dollars. An extra hour of flight cost $ 150 for an airplane rental and $ 50 for an instructor.

Renting an apartment in Florida cost from $ 1200 per month. From November to April, here is the most comfortable time for life and training for a pilot. The average temperature is 20-25 ° C and little rain. You can fly every day.

The letter I sent to schools. Out of five, three answered

While I corresponded with schools, I found out a curious nuance. U.S. immigration regulations say an M1 study visa is required if the study takes more than 18 hours a week. In this case, the student cannot change the selected school in the learning process.

The B1 / B2 tourist visa allows you to study under the reduced program - less than 18 hours a week. Some schools claimed that their programs were structured that way, and you can safely come to study on a tourist visa.

Search for housing in the USA and renting an apartment in Moscow

The school was not able to offer us suitable housing options, so we started searching on our own. The largest real estate base in the USA is, but everything is rented out only to residents for a long time.

To begin with, we booked apartments for a week through - we paid about 30,000 R for them. The plan was this: we’ll come to our place, look around and find housing for the entire term.

It turned out to be more difficult to rent an apartment in Moscow. We were looking for a person who would not only agree to rent for only three months, but would be able to care for our cat. I decided to make a good discount and set a low price.

I placed an ad in real estate groups in social networks. By the evening of the same day I received a dozen messages from cat lovers. We held a casting, chose the right one, drew up a lease, where we prescribed all the conditions for caring for our cat, and shook hands.


The school did not impose any additional requirements regarding pre-training.But I decided that it would not be superfluous to prepare for classes on my own, because in place I will have only two months to study.

I installed the Microsoft Flight Simulator on my computer. It has a virtual piloting course, almost the same as the real one. I bought a special joystick for 3000 R and worked out every night. A month later, he passed the virtual exam.

Microsoft Flight Simulator has a course similar to the regular pilot course

Then I decided that it was time to move from theory to practice and fly on a real plane. I went to the flying club in the Moscow Region at the airport "Vatulino". Flying on the lightest aircraft from their fleet costs 5,000 R for half an hour.

The plane had two seats, I took a seat to the right of the pilot. After briefing and checking the on-board systems, we received permission to take off and took off. It was May, and spring is the time of an unstable atmosphere, when the earth heats up, and the air masses mix, creating turbulent flows. Due to turbulence, the aircraft threw in all directions. The pilot was completely calm, but I felt uneasy.

Having gained altitude, the pilot handed me control. I performed several maneuvers - this slightly reduced the tension. After half an hour of flying over fields, forests and a river, we landed.

Aerofob's greatest joy is landing

Aviation English

I know English well, but it’s one thing to talk to the teacher in the classroom, and it’s quite another to talk on the radio with strangers in a stressful state, when any misunderstanding can lead to unpleasant consequences.

English is the international language of communication in aviation. Pilots and controllers communicate with each other on the radio in a different spoken language. Instead, they use special phraseology, the so-called aviation English.

For each situation - taxiing on the airfield, takeoff, landing, weather forecast - there is a standard set of phrases. Each aircraft is assigned a unique number. It is communicated to the other side with each radio contact using the “aviation alphabet”.

I studied aviation English from the illustrations of a military navigator, Colonel P.V. Iskratov. On YouTube, you can find many videos with recordings of radio conversations in different situations, from regular to catastrophic. In aviation, as anywhere else, the principle applies: it is better to learn from the mistakes of others than from your own.

And there is also a radio broadcasting service for airports in real time - Radio Scanner. You can open the Flight Tracker app or, find the board that is negotiating, and follow its actions on the map. In my experience, this has proven to be very useful for learning.

Aviation alphabet

Life in eternal summer

Fort Lauderdale is not as busy as Miami, but with the same long promenades and waterways throughout the city, which even earned it the nickname American Venice.

Public transport is very poorly developed, so a car is vital. Fortunately, there are no problems with renting.

Housing is more complicated. Florida is a rich state with a wonderful climate. Both Americans and tourists from all over the world come here to relax. Good lodging options are booked months in advance. Therefore, our initial plan that we quickly find an apartment failed.

per month we paid for housing

All the first week we drove around the city and looked at the options that were found on Air BBC and Craigslist. The housing stock was very old, I did not want to live in such conditions. Finally, luck smiled at us: an American couple rented their little guesthouse for $ 1,600 a month.

Our guesthouse in Fort Lauderdale

Our hosts turned out to be very friendly people, we talked a lot on different topics, including political ones. We were even invited to a Christmas party.

Christmas party invitation

We tried to eat at home. Several times a week we bought at a local supermarket, cooked on a stove or grill. On average, we spent about $ 1,500 a month on food, as planned.

Fort Lauderdale is located on the shores of the Atlantic Ocean, so in the evenings after studying and working, we came to half-empty beaches, walked and enjoyed the sunsets.

Fort Lauderdale Beach

Demonstration flight

I arrived at school and on the very first day I made a demonstration flight with instructor Scott Leach on the Cessna-172 aircraft. During the demo flight, the student does not take part in the piloting, but only observes the pilot's actions.

The teacher decided to show me everything that this old airplane is capable of. He made deep U-turns, slides - and then threw the car in a peak so that for several seconds I felt weightless. After landing, I was a little alive - but it was too late to retreat.

Cessna-172 - the most popular light aircraft in the world, easy to fly and reliable in operation. It is easy to manage even for beginners, so aviation schools also love it.

Airdrome training

You can’t just take off and fly. Any take-offs and landings, even on small and private jets, are permitted only at airfields. They are "controlled" - with a control tower, and "uncontrolled" - only with runways and without a tower. On uncontrolled pilots communicate their intentions at a dedicated common frequency.

Fort Lauderdale Commercial Airfield is an ideal training option. It has two solid long lanes, a control tower is open 24 hours a day, and air traffic is not as dense as at the main airport, where civilian liners arrive.

The aerodrome code is KFXE.

KFXE Fort Lauderdale Commercial Airfield - Here I Learned to Fly

First flights

The first training flight with an instructor occurs almost immediately after the introductory classes, which talk about the structure of the aircraft. This knowledge is necessary to conduct a pre-flight test.

The pilot checks the plane on the checklist. It describes in detail all the steps: first you need to check the external condition of the aircraft, the main components, fuel, oil. After that, the pilot sits in the cockpit, starts the engine and checks the on-board systems. Then he finds out the weather, contacts the dispatcher on the tower and tells his intentions: where is he going to fly.

The pilot receives permission to take off from the "tower", takes the plane to the taxiway and moves along it to the desired lane. In front of the lane, he stops, once again makes a check of the aircraft systems - and again contacts the dispatcher. If the lane is busy, the pilot waits until the path clears. Finally, permission to take off was obtained - acceleration begins on the aerodrome strip.

The first flights take place in the so-called airfield. The student takes off, makes a circle around the airfield, sits down and immediately takes off again. Take-off and landing are the most difficult and critical phases of flight, therefore, these elements are repeated many times during training.

In parallel, the student conducts radio conversations, reports on his position and the next step, and the dispatcher confirms his intentions or asks them to change in connection with the actions of other aircraft.

A week after the start of classes and 10 hours of flight in this mode, Greg asked me to return to the hangar after landing. Suddenly he got off the plane and announced that the time had come for my first “solo” - an independent flight.

Trying to calm down the excitement, I contacted the dispatcher and said that I was planning to make my first flight, for which the dispatcher wished me good luck. I regularly made three takeoffs and landings and returned to the hangar. It was an amazing moment, my emotions overwhelmed me.

A little later I went through the rite of passage. Students who have completed their first “solo” have a piece of T-shirt cut out. This tradition is connected with the times when there was no walkie-talkie on the planes yet. Then the student and the instructor in the plane sat one after another, in tandem. To instruct the student where to direct the plane, the instructor pulled him by the side of the shirt. After a successful first flight, this part of the shirt is cut off - now the pilot can independently decide where to fly to him.

Me and my instructor Greg in the cockpit of Cessna-172 Traditional cutting of a T-shirt after the first independent flight

Maneuver training

The next stage of training takes place already in the training zone over the Everglades swamps. Students are taught to perform regular maneuvers - climb, descent, U-turns - and also to monitor the environment and the position of the aircraft, use instruments for navigation.

The most difficult thing is the training simulation of abnormal and emergency situations, such as stalling, engine shutdown, fire on board. After several such lessons with an instructor, the student makes such flights with emergency situations on their own.

Training flight over the Everglades swamps. For such a picture, it is VERY STRONG to hold a selfie stick due to strong air resistance at a speed of 200 km / h Track of my training flight over the swamps

Long distance flights

The final test for the student is to fly long distances between several points. They are also called cross-country flights.

This is the pinnacle of pilot excellence. They apply all the knowledge about the aircraft and its capabilities, piloting skills, navigation, radio communications, analysis of weather conditions.

You must thoroughly prepare for a cross-country flight:

  1. Plan your route yourself.
  2. Find out the weather throughout the route and think about what to do if the weather worsens.
  3. Calculate the required amount of fuel and the weight of the aircraft.
  4. Determine the speed at take-off, landing and altitude, as well as the effect of wind on speed.

For my first cross-country flight, I chose a scenic path towards Key West. The route of such a flight passes at a low altitude, first over the beaches of Miami, then over a winding road in the ocean. During this flight, I experienced tremendous joy and realized that this was not in vain.

After the first cross-country flight, the student makes several more similar flights, including at night.

Before the first cross-country flight During the first cross-country flight, I even managed to take pictures

After 40 hours of flight, the student is admitted to exams. Usually, training takes 2–2.5 months, due to the excellent weather and daily practice, I managed in 42 days.

The first stage of the exam is a computer test. You need to answer 60 questions and score 80% of the correct answers. This stage costs $ 165.

The second stage is an oral exam and a practical flight with a certified examiner. The examiner is a private individual, so he must be paid separately. The second stage of the exam costs $ 500.

I successfully passed the test and did pretty well on the oral exam, but failed to land in flight. The examiner took control. That meant I failed.

I had to take extra classes with an instructor. It cost me $ 600 for 3 hours. I had to pay for the second exam again, but the examiner agreed to reduce my payment by half - to $ 250, because before that I successfully passed the oral part.

A week later, a second practical exam was held. This time I made no mistakes. After receiving congratulations from the examiner, the first thing I went to the store and for $ 20 I got the well-deserved pilot badges.

On the same day I received a temporary certificate, which allowed me to make independent flights with passengers on board. I took my wife, rented a plane - and we went flying over Miami, the Everglades swamps and the azure ocean.

Renting an airplane for 2 hours cost me $ 300.

This is how a completed flight book looks like. All flights performed by the student are entered into it: where it took off and landed, how long the flight lasted, day or night, with an instructor or on its own. The flight book is the main supporting document of the pilot's experience. She is needed to pass exams, move to the next level of training, and recruitment The first independent flight with his wife over Florida

Amateur pilot training

In order to become an amateur pilot, it is necessary to undergo theoretical and practical training.

First step takes about two to three months. During this period cadets of colleges and flight schools study various subjects, the basic knowledge of which is necessary for the pilot. Some students start flights with an instructor before the end of theoretical classes, but most prefer to study everything in classes before starting to put their knowledge into practice.

The theoretical training course for private pilots includes many disciplines. Among them: aircraft control, navigation, aeronautical meteorology, aerodynamics, aircraft design. In addition, the program includes the study of the legal aspects of aircraft navigation.

Practice subdivided into simulator classessimulating the cockpit on flights with an instructor and on independent flights. Gradually mastering stage after stage, the future pilot gains new experience. The time spent on practical exercises is not regulated - it all depends on the student’s abilities and his abilities.

Forty flight hours are a necessary minimum for obtaining a licenseHowever, experienced instructors claim that 100-150 hours of flight are required for confident piloting.

The total duration of training in private aviation schools, including flights with an instructor, takes on average from six months to ten months.

The procedure for obtaining a private pilot license

The pilot’s certificate is issued by the Federal Air Transport Agency. Upon training, the graduate will be issued a document confirming the completion of the aviation training center and a certificate of flight. Certification is carried out by the commission either in the Federal Air Transport Agency itself, or in one of its territorial bodies.

Successful passing of theoretical exams and practical (flight with an instructor-examiner), if there are documents confirming that the future pilot complies with all other requirements (flight hours, medical examination) gives a guarantee for the issuance of the coveted certificate to the flight graduate.

After training and obtaining an amateur pilot license, a person can independently fly in conditions of good visibility by controlling a single-engine aircraft.

The issuance of an amateur pilot certificate is accompanied by a statement in the document of the type of aircraft to which access is permitted, as well as the class of the pilot himself - in this case, PPL.

The names of the brands of aircraft on which you can fly are not indicated in the license. But the document must be marked on the type and class of the aircraft.

So, in the flight rights of a graduate of private pilot training courses will be inscribed "Single-engine land aircraft."

Since the testimony of a private pilot is the first step in understanding pilot skill, license holder can continue training as a commercial pilot and learn instrument flight, fly night hours and gradually master multi-engine aircraft.

Attention: the license of a private pilot gives the right to fly alone, as well as with family and friends. Legally, such pilots are forbidden to derive commercial profit from their flights.

In other words, passengers can only “chip in” on fuel and rent an aircraft, without any financial profit for the pilot himself.

License term

As such pilot's certificate is valid indefinitelybut all pilots need to undergo relatively frequent medical examinations. A medical certificate issued by a medical flight expert commission for private pilots is valid for two years. However, once a year it is necessary to undergo a medical examination according to a simplified scheme.

Deterioration of health (the most common for pilots constantly rising into the air - partial hearing loss) will become an obstacle to repeated medical examination of VLEK. This will deprive the pilot of the opportunity to board the helm again.

Helicopter Pilot License

Helicopter control does not imply simpler requirements than those imposed on pilots who wish to pilot aircraft. For example, passing the mandatory medical flight expert commission the same way to obtain a helicopter pilot license and flight rights for those who are going to fly airplanes.

Since helicopters of different models are somewhat different from each other in type, in order to transfer to another car, the pilot needs to additionally take a small retraining course. The most popular light helicopter in most flight schools is the AmericanRobinsonR44.

Helicopter schools are generally shorter - about two months on average. The program likewise combines theory and flight. At the end of the course, after flying for forty hours, the student passes the internal final certification, then goes to the exam at the Federal Air Transport Agency. After passing the exams, the pilot will receive a helicopter pilot certificate.


In order to fulfill his dream, sitting at the helm of an aircraft, unfortunately, desire alone is not enough. A pilot candidate must have excellent health and be able to undergo medical examinations, confirming his ability to control the aircraft from year to year. The financial issue is also important, because the full cost of training for a private pilot surpasses several hundred thousand rubles.

Однако если возможности и тяга к небу позволяют, ничто не мешает пройти спецподготовку и, налетав нужное количество летных часов, сдать экзамены и получить свидетельство пилота-любителя государственного образца, дающее право подниматься в воздух на законных основаниях.

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