"Do dogs really have dreams?" - those who never kept dogs will be asked with surprise. "Sure!" - exclaim those who were lucky to live with a tailed friend. Each owner of the dog, for sure, noticed that the dog rarely sleeps calmly, quite often in a dream you can notice twitching of the legs, eye movements under closed eyelids, and sometimes even slight whimpering. All this is evidence that the dog has a dream, and in this article we will tell you what your pet can dream of.
The opinion of scientists
It is interesting, but some time ago, the best minds of mankind were sure that animals did not dream. Scientists believed that since animals, unlike humans, do not have a second signaling system, then the pleasure of dreaming is not available to them. However, when the researchers seriously began to study the mechanism of sleep, they changed their minds to the opposite, saying that animals were definitely not deprived of the ability to see dreams.
Fast (paradoxical) and slow sleep
Studies have shown that there are two phases of sleep - slow and fast.
During the slow phase of sleep, muscle tone is reduced, breathing of the sleeping person is regular and measured, the eyeball is motionless. Slow sleep, you guessed it, is also characterized by a lack of dreams and serves only to restore the physical and moral strength of the sleeper.
When a person or animal enters the REM phase, the activity of the heartthe vascular and respiratory systems becomes more active, and the eyeball begins to move under the eyelids. The sleeper sees dreams precisely during the REM phase.
The difference between the dreams of man and animal is, perhaps, only in the duration of the fast phase. However, the fast phases of sleep between humans and dogs differ little. Adult fast sleep takes 23% of the total sleep time, dogs - 25%. Interestingly, puppies can be in the fast phase for up to 90% of their sleep time, while rabbits' fast sleep takes only 3%. By the way, today scientists are sure that dreams are not only about mammals, but also about birds.
Methods of researching animal dreams
Large-scale studies of animal dreams were carried out in the 80s of the last century. This was done by a group of scientists led by Dr. Adrian Morrison. It is worth noting that if you consider yourself an active zoodefender, the research methodology of Morrison will cause you indignation, but it is worthwhile to understand that the ability to look into dreams is difficult to access, especially when it comes to animals.
Before explaining the essence of the technique, it is necessary to make an important explanation. AT the brain has a special area called the “blue spot” zone. This same zone is responsible for ensuring that the sleeper does not in reality perform the actions that he dreams of. In the event that this area is destroyed, the sleeper begins to perform the actions he is dreaming of in reality, but he does not wake up. Actually, the essence of the technique was to destroy this area, and then observe the sleeping animal.
The first test was a cat. She underwent an operation to destroy the "blue spot" and was first watched in a state of wakefulness. The cat behaved quite naturally - she drank, ate, played and purred. In general, all actions corresponded to the actions of a normal cat. During the slow phase of sleep, the cat also behaved quite naturally, sniffing peacefully, but when the fast phase began, the object of research turned into a "sleepwalker". The cat slept soundly, but at the same time ran around the laboratory, caught an invisible mouse and purred, catching prey.
But what about dogs?
Of course, scientists could not confine themselves to the study of cats only, but because at some point it came to the dogs, and various breed, in order to find out whether the animal’s life experience affects dreams, and it turned out that it affects. So, for example, dogs that hunt with the owner in a dream constantly run, catch someone, call the owner for invisible prey, etc. But the guard dogs, on the contrary, are in place, only occasionally shifting from one foot to another and barking loudly at an invisible enemy. In general, as you can see, everything is the same as with people - what he saw in life, he saw in a dream.
By the way, scientists have discovered an interesting fact, but have not yet explained it - small dogs have dreams more often than their large relatives.
What Dogs Dream About
Dogs can symbolize both loyal friends and worst enemies.
A dog in a dream is a confirmation of a reliable and trusting relationship between you and your friend.
A wild dog is an attempt to resolve an insoluble conflict at first glance. (Of course, in both cases your dream may be just a repetition of the life situation with the dog - evil or good).
Do you want someone who is unreasonably pursuing you to stop their attacks?
Is there a person in your life whose loyalty you doubt or whose allegiance is deliberately emphasized?
See Dogs in a Dream
If in a dream a dog is kissing you, it means that you will meet true friends.
If the dog bit you in a dream - that means. An old friend will betray you.
A quarrel with friends, a break with a loved one portends a dream in which a dog barks at you.
These recently close and dear people will begin to harm you in an incomprehensible bitterness, but all their efforts will be in vain.
If in a dream a dog follows you on the heels - this portends you with some troubles in business and heart sorrows.
An affectionate, kind dog in a dream always portends luck and loyal friends.
The white dog, friendly circling around you, is a sign of great luck in business and love.
If in a dream a dog protects you - in reality you are under the protection of higher powers.
You have nothing to fear, because there are guardian angels next to you who follow all your thoughts and actions from heaven.
What Dog Dreams Mean
If in a dream you have a dog for yourself, this portends a disagreement with your husband in real life. To see a puppy leaving behind puddles throughout the apartment, take on unnecessary worries, for which they won’t even thank you. Play with a dog - in reality you will experience spiritual joy.
To train a dog - you will be able to protect yourself in an extreme situation, walk - to a successful outcome of long walks in numerous instances.
To run away from a huge angry dog attacking you - a hidden danger awaits you in reality. A mad dog that has bitten you will incur losses by acting short-sightedly.
Jumping around you and yapping like a pug on an elephant, a mongrel mongrel the size of a cat - skip past the ears a malicious remark of a person who is unfriendly to you, which will cause even more irritation. A tail-tail dog running away from you is a harbinger of illness.
To see a dog on a chain near a kennel - make yourself enemies and envious people. Hunting dogs mean success achieved by hard work and devotion to their idea, guard dogs - be careful in choosing friends, indoor decorative dogs - to family quarrels, white - make a new acquaintance or groom, black dogs - cheating and treason.
A lapdog in a dream portends the help of friends in a difficult situation, a greyhound - to a change of job or place of residence, a bulldog - will achieve success by overcoming misconceptions. The hound dog portends an insult from the enemy, a dog - to meet good old friends, a pug - you won’t be a housework, a shepherd dog - hurry to protect your dear people, a poodle - you will find protection from a powerful patron, Spitz - you will find a faithful and devoted friend.
If you dream of an angry dog - expect the failures and insidious actions of your opponents. Affectionate dog - promises good luck and loyal friends.
If in a dream you are the owner of a thoroughbred dog. You will be able to put together a solid state.
If a bloodhound follows in your wake, a dream warns you against temptations that can be fatal to you. If the dog bites you, do not expect peace in the near future, either in relations with business partners or with your wife.
Skinny and dirty dogs mean impending failure or illness.
If you hear dogs barking, bad news awaits you. A hunting dog in your home portends favorable circumstances in business.
Pretty dogs of exquisite breed - a promise to the girl, a frivolous dandy fan.
If in a dream you are frightened by a meeting with a big dog, your lot will be resistance to the whole environment, the desire to rise above vulgarity and mediocrity.
For women, this dream promises a very worthy husband.
The growl of dogs behind you is a sign that some intriguer is being selected for your cherished interests. Sometimes this dream portends your defeat, but, always, it is an impulse to active resistance.
Suddenly, a cat and a dog rushing at each other promise you failure in heart affairs. Favorable dream in which you pour the brawlers with water.
The white dog, friendly circling around you, portends a huge fortune in business and love.
Many-headed dog - warns you not to get carried away by many things at once: it turns into a fuss.
A rabid dog chasing you is a warning to mobilize all your character's strengths to resist the fight. A good dream in which you drive away or kill her.
Walking with the dog, especially with the thoroughbred, and seeing how it kills the snake - both of these subjects are extremely favorable.
During slow sleep, breathing and pulse slows down, muscle tone decreases. Neither an animal nor a person in such a state sees any dreams. Like humans, animals observe dreams only in the phase of rapid, or, as it is also called, paradoxical sleep. At this time, the tone returns to normal, the eyes begin to move under the eyelids. It is then that various things can be dreamed of.
As in humans, in cats and dogs, the REM phase takes about 20-25% of the total time allocated for rest. However, the situation is different for puppies and kittens. For example, the phase of paradoxical sleep in young puppies takes 90% of the time.
Blue spot experiments
Scientists have found that cats and dogs dream, but they still wondered what the animals were dreaming about, why they were angry, scared, scared, sniffed at something, or moved their paws in a dream. To clarify the situation helped not too humane experiment. There is a tiny zone in the brain called the blue spot. It is a blue spot that does not allow sleepers to perform all the actions that they do in a dream. Initially, scientists conducted an experiment on a cat, exposing a blue spot to destruction. During the day, the animal behaved as usual - it ate, washed, purred and hunted for a bow on a rope, like ordinary cats. Having plunged into the phase of slow sleep, the cat was no different from a healthy representative of the feline family. However, during the REM phase, the animal walked around the room, chasing its own tail or washing itself.
A similar experiment was soon put on dogs. The man’s four-legged friends did the same as usual: the guard dogs barked loudly, driving away uninvited guests, and the hunting dogs chased the prey.
According to studies, dogs of miniature breeds dream more often than large dogs.
During the experiments, it turned out that the animals during the rest mostly dreamed of what they did during the day - whether they tracked down the chicken, fought with a neighbor's cat or chased passing cars. In this, dogs and cats are not too different from humans.
When cats can dream
It was possible to find out that these animals have two main phases of sleep. Most often, cats simply doze off with their legs and tail between their legs. At this time, breathing slows down, the muscles relax a bit. You might think that the cat is already sleeping, but in fact this is not entirely true. She does not see dreams in this state. Animals doze off on average about half an hour, after which they either go to wakefulness or plunge into the second, deeper phase of sleep.
During the first phase, cats react to sounds, light and other external stimuli, so they can wake up very quickly.
The second phase lasts about 10 minutes, and it was at this time that cats, according to scientists, dream. By observing the behavior of the animal, you can determine what it is dreaming about at the moment. It is interesting that the body at this stage functions the same as during wakefulness: the pulse and respiration change and can be quite fast, the muscles contract, the animal makes sounds.
What cats dream about
According to scientists, cats in a dream see some elements of their daily lives. This can be food, game, hunting for mice or birds, exploring the surrounding area, going to the toilet, fighting with other animals.
Cats are likely to even have nightmares. These animals sometimes wake up precisely from fright and look very sleepy or even wary after sleep.
Cats can "run" in a dream, making characteristic movements with their paws. When they grumble, growl or even release their claws, this may indicate that they dream of either hunting, or a fight, or some kind of action that causes fear or aggression. At the same time, a cat can pull its mustache, beat its tail, and expose fangs. Purification, as a rule, is interpreted as a sign of a pleasant dream in which the cat receives a favorite treat or seeks affection. It can also mean talking to people or other cats. At such moments, the encephalograms “draw” increased brain activity, which may indicate very bright and fairly distinct dreams.
However, the most common option includes a slight twitching of the paws and mustache, rapid eye movements. Scientists suggest that at such moments the cat sees a place in a dream and studies it, sniffing the surface, moving from one place to another. The second option is the assumption that such behavior is associated with dreams of tracking prey.
Difficulties in interpreting dreams about cats
Different dream books tend to interpret plots with cats and cats in a rather contradictory way, but there are a number of general opinions on how such dreams can be interpreted. In particular, the color of the animal and its behavior - light and white cats are considered a better omen than their counterparts of other colors and stripes.
Sometimes a meeting with a cat in a dream that a young man saw can promise him a meeting with a mysterious, independent and wayward lady - those who love to compare themselves with "a cat that walks on its own."
Dreams of this kind can be interpreted quite simply - as well as the signs associated with cats. For example, a washing animal can be a harbinger of early guests, and most likely it will be nice people.
But if in a dream a cat runs away from an angry dog (dogs quite often associate with friends), a person can regard this as a warning: you can’t deceive your loved ones, because friends can not forgive this and leave forever. If a small kitten tries to escape from dogs, especially if he climbed a tree, this may be an advice to be careful.
Cat and mouse
The cat that catches mice is not the most pleasant interpretation either - the person who saw it may feel anxiety in the very near future, and life can hardly be called joyful. The causes of these problems are usually called insidiousness and intrigues of secret enemies and ill-wishers.
A cat guarding a mink’s mouse can be a warning: perhaps soon someone from the close circle, or even a loved one, may try to deceive.
If a cat in a dream pounces on a person and even scratches it - this promises big problems, moreover, the stronger the pain and fright, the more painful the experiences.
If a cat with a caught mouse goes to its brethren to boast, this may mean excessive vanity of a person who had such a dream. However, there is another interpretation, when the bouncer cat warns of conceited friends or acquaintances who may subsequently bring trouble.