Many women are afraid to use tampons during menstruation, trusting the usual pads. However, a tampon can be indispensable helpers on critical days, as it is more convenient and reliable. But tampons are overgrown with such incredible myths that they need to be debunked, because this is really a reliable and safe hygiene product.
What are the subtleties for the correct use of tampons and how to insert a tampon? Are there any contraindications for use? Is it safe for virgins? We answer these questions in this article.
How to use tampons?
A tampon is a small cylindrical bundle of absorbent compressed material that is inserted into the vagina on critical days. The tampon is stitched with a special strong thread for its subsequent extraction. The shape of the tip of the swab provides a smooth and painless penetration into the vagina.
As well as pads, tampons vary in degree of absorption on different days of menstruation - you can navigate by the number of drops indicated on the package.
You should not choose a swab "in reserve", that is, more than necessary degree of absorption. For virgins, “two drops” tampons are suitable, or if you are guided by a different name - “mini” or “normal”.
Do not be afraid of using tampons: by the beginning of the first menstruation, the diameter of the hymenal opening through which the menstrual blood flows is 1.5-2 centimeters, and the largest diameter of the tampon is not more than 1.5 centimeters, which eliminates damage to the hymen. It is also worth noting that the pleura is very elastic, and it is impossible to damage it with a tampon. Thanks to this, the product can be inserted into the vagina of the girl without any damage to health, in addition, for the first time it is better to use the size of “mini” or “normal”. Tampons come with and without an applicator. The applicator is designed for more comfortable insertion of the tampon and exclude contact of the tampon with the hands. There are a number of rules that apply regardless of the type of swab selected:
- genital hygiene necessary
- wash hands with soap,
- before introduction, make sure of the presence and strength of the thread,
- remove the protective film from the product,
- swab changes every four hours,
- when in the pool or in the pond, the swab changes every 30 minutes,
- the extracted swab should not be thrown into the toilet, only into the urn.
At night, leaving a tampon in the vagina is strictly prohibited.
How to introduce a swab with an applicator?
As previously mentioned, the applicator provides an easier introduction of the swab, it acts like a "syringe". This type is suitable for beginners and helps to learn the technology of using tampons.
Insert tampons as follows:
- make sure the hygiene of the hands and genitals,
- to take a comfortable position of the body for introduction: standing, squatting or putting one leg higher in a stable place,
- relax your pelvic muscles
- take the applicator with your thumb and middle finger where its wide part ends,
- fingers of the other hand to spread the labia, enter the free end of the wide part of the applicator inward into the vagina,
- Slowly insert the applicator into the vagina to the fingers,
- press with the index finger on the free end of the applicator to the base,
- remove the applicator and make sure that the swab thread stretches from the vagina.
The swab should be inserted at an angle towards the sacrum.
How to insert a swab without an applicator?
A tampon without an applicator is in no less demand because of its small size and low price. However, in this case, hygiene must be given special care. To enter this swab is necessary as follows:
- also make sure the genital and hand hygiene,
- choose a comfortable position: sitting, standing with slightly bent knees or with a raised leg,
- with your thumb and middle finger hold the swab at its base,
- open the labia with the fingers of the other hand,
- insert the swab into the vagina, and then push it deeper with the index finger. If the swab is not inserted, you need to change the angle of introduction, not at a right angle, but slightly tilt.
How to understand that the swab is inserted correctly?
If discomfort and friction are felt, then the tampon was inserted incorrectly. The swab should be located in the vagina at a depth of about 10 centimeters.
It is simply impossible to enter it deeper. The edges of the swab should not be visible from the vagina. If you wet your labia with a napkin, it remains clean - this is an indicator of the correctness of the introduction of a hygiene product.
If the swab is inserted correctly, it is not felt inside.
Attention: if you can’t get the swab right the first time, you need to practice and this skill will come. If the introduction is painful, you can use a lubricant (but not petroleum jelly).
Tampon extraction process
- Wash the hands,
- find a comfortable position for removing the tampon, relax the muscles of the pelvis,
- with light pulling movements, pull the thread down and forward until the tampon comes out of the vagina completely,
- wrap the swab and throw it strictly into the ballot box. If the swab is thrown into the toilet bowl, the pipes may become clogged and the string of the swab may become stuck. The used swab should be wrapped in a napkin or toilet paper.
A tampon cannot go out on its own, because it is held by the muscles of the vagina. He also cannot “go” into the uterus, since the canal of the cervix is much narrower than the diameter of the smallest swab.
If the thread is torn, you need to push and then the tampon comes out on its own. If this does not happen, you can pull it out of the vagina with your fingers. If the swab cannot be removed, you need to consult a gynecologist.
To understand whether a swab needs to be changed, you need to pull on its thread. If the tampon starts to come out easily, then it is time to change it to a new one.
Tropina Natalya Vladimirovna
Psychotherapist. Specialist from the site b17.ru
nonsense.) I was also afraid) and I didn’t have anything, although I’m a terrible allergic person and even with problems on the female part) do not be afraid)
Che is not nonsense. Menstruation is a dead blood substance that is already decomposable. Therefore, wearing a tampon for more than 4 hours is not recommended. the blood begins to decompose and it’s a little red
Ha, and I once managed to carry a tampon all day and there were no symptoms, besides, I don’t know why, when I wear tampons, my periods quickly end.
your health, your right to risk it. Whoever drops and survives with an unopened parachute happens to be lucky.
In fact, blood begins to decompose in the presence of air. And air does not enter the vagina (especially with a swab). So, it is much more hygienic than walking with decaying blood in the pad!
I’m directly envious of those who can afford this convenience, and I have soooo my stomach hurts terribly when I use them.
there is of course such a probability. But until you try, you don’t know how you will feel. The body is different for everyone.
For example, I have been using tampons without problems for several years, it’s very convenient.
Author, STS may occur without the use of a swab. Staphylococcus aureus provokes it. "It should be noted that toxic shock syndrome, which occurs outside the vagina, can be equally common in both men and women, both in children and in the elderly." (c) I have been using tampons for about 5 years and so far, ttt, there hasn’t been anything like that. I can’t imagine how you can live without them :)
Tampons are a cool thing, if you use only them, then the menstruation goes unnoticed
I use it only if I am leaving for the sea and critical days begin. Then just can not do, because you want to swim calmly. And all the same, classic gaskets, I'm calmer ..
I have Staphylococcus aureus, and a lot, can not be cured. tampons can be safely used. only you can not sunbathe. from the heat it was exactly the same with me. You can swim in everyday life. the gynecologist allowed. but I'm scared. therefore, I use it only when swimming. if I am in the sun, I have to pull it out. I’ll already sunbathe on the shorts than once again to endure this hell. 100 times worse than flu.
as I insert a tampon, a terrible headache begins once lost consciousness.
I used kotex, ob, and no stsh. with prokldkami less trouble and more reliable. and what concerns STS, you’ll understand right away whether you have it or not, the symptoms are indicated in the annotations for tampons.
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Gaskets or tampons?
Women all over the world are divided into two camps (in addition to blondes and brunettes): fans of tampons and lovers of pads. On the side of the former, progress, on the side of the latter, experience, and each camp defends its fervor with ardor. If with pads everything is more or less less clear, and one can argue mainly about their convenience, then tampons cause a lot of fears, assumptions, rumors. How reasonable are they?
The main source of terrible stories about tampons is forums on women's sites, where the most incredible versions exist:
- the introduction of the swab is fraught with fainting, and for virgins - the loss of innocence,
- the use of tampons by adolescents leads to masturbation and licentiousness,
- men do not respect girls using tampons,
- a tampon is a great contraceptive.
Advanced tampon opponents prefer to use medical arguments, arguing that:
- cervical erosion, endometriosis, and inflammatory diseases of the pelvic organs are direct consequences of the use of tampons,
- tampons are saturated with absorbent chemicals that corrode the mucous membrane,
- the swab clogs the vagina like a cork, preventing the outflow of blood,
- the use of tampons increases the risk of sexually transmitted diseases and can cause problems with conception.
It is noteworthy that most of these statements do not stand up to criticism and are ridiculous because of their obvious illiteracy. But what exactly are tampons? What is the danger of their use, and how to insure against it?
The first tampons: how it all began
The first tampons, similar to modern ones, at the beginning of the 30s of the last century were created by the American doctor Earl Haas, presumably from the filing of his wife. The invention was cotton wool wrapped in gauze. The product was called Tampax (from the English tampon and pack - tampon and packaging). The first tampons did not have an applicator or a rope. The fate of the novelty at first turned out to be sad: the American monster Johnson & Johnson was not interested in it, and the patent was sold to the side. Industrial production of tampons began in 1936. Now the owner of the Tampax brand is Procter & Gamble, and Johnson & Johnson have been promoting the alternative brand of tampons “o.b.” since 1950.
Over the past 70 years, tampons have been improved, although they have not fundamentally changed. Appeared: a lace sewn into a tampon, an applicator, a silky top layer that facilitates insertion. Tampons began to be divided according to the degree of absorbency - mini, normal, super, super plus. The essence remained the same: the tampon is made from a mixture of specially processed and bleached natural fibers - cotton and viscose, pressed into a cylinder of a certain density. There are no chemical ingredients in tampons. In contrast, by the way, from gaskets filled with substances that convert liquid to gel and can cause irritation of the mucous membrane in direct contact.
Tampons - as they are
A lot of research has been carried out on the topic of identifying the potential danger of tampons, both paid by manufacturers and independent, including by order of regulatory and certification bodies in Russia and abroad. In the end, it was proved that when used correctly:
- tampons do not prevent the outflow of menstrual blood and cannot create the effect of a cork - when the tampon is completely saturated, blood seeps through it and freely flows out,
- tampons are not the cause of changes in the vaginal microflora and an increase in the number of bacteria - changes in the composition of the vaginal environment are associated with the menstruation itself, the composition of the tampon (cotton, rayon or a combination thereof) also does not affect the vaginal microflora,
- tampons do not lead to rupture of the hymen - the hole for the outflow of blood in it is large enough (about 1.5 cm) and the pleura itself is quite elastic on the days of menstruation. Absorbing moisture, the tampon increases mainly in length and, when excreted, also cannot lead to the loss of virginity,
- tampons are not the cause of “bad” sexual habits (if correctly inserted, the tampon is located in the vaginal area poor in receptors and is not felt at all, that is, physically cannot become a provocateur of erotic sensations),
- tampons do not cause endometriosis, cervical erosion, infertility and do not affect the duration of the cycle and menstruation itself - firstly, the vagina has high adaptability and is able to "get along" even with the penis, the size of which is at least several times the size of the tampon, - secondly, the tampon does not come into direct contact with the uterus, which also adapts well and is well protected, thirdly - the cycle time depends on the physiology of the woman, her hormonal background, body structure, and the melting of health, weight and other internal factors, and not at all from whether a small cotton ball is inserted into the vagina for several hours,
- tampons themselves cannot get into the uterus, get stuck in the body forever or “get lost” - with little muscle effort (preferably sitting on the toilet) a too deeply inserted tampon (if it is saturated with secretions) will come out even if it has come off the cord, which , by the way, is also almost impossible, because the lace can withstand a load of up to 5 kg and is firmly sewn into the tampon along the entire length.
Safety precautions when using tampons
Most gynecologists are of the opinion that the use of tampons is completely safe, subject to simple rules:
- wash hands before and after the introduction of the swab,
- change the swab at least 4-6 hours later,
- insert the swab gently and to a comfortable depth,
- do not take out the swab before it is soaked,
- do not use tampons to absorb other vaginal discharge, except menstrual,
- Do not use swabs with greater absorbency than required.
However, doctors believe that the indisputable ideality of tampons is absolutely not worth talking to everyone.
- in some girls, the structure of the hymen does not allow the use of a tampon or makes its use uncomfortable. In this regard, you need to consult a gynecologist,
- some women (especially those taking oral contraceptives) complain that tampons dry the vagina. If tampons leave an unpleasant feeling of dryness, it is better to refuse to use them to avoid microtrauma of the vagina,
- tampons are not recommended for women undergoing treatment with vaginal preparations (candles, etc.), etc. the effectiveness of treatment can be reduced due to the absorbent properties of tampons.
Contraindications for use
The advantages of tampons are obvious, but you should also pay attention to a number of contraindications that exclude their use.
Such contraindications are:
- inflammatory processes of the genital organs, since this is a favorable environment for the propagation of pathogenic microorganisms,
- toxic shock syndrome arising from pathogenic bacteria - Staphylococcus aureus, Clostridia and others. Symptoms of shock are similar to flu - a sharp increase in temperature, dizziness, weakness and impaired coordination, rash, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, sometimes a decrease in blood pressure and heart rates to a critical level. In shock, through microcracks, toxins enter the bloodstream, which causes a dangerous condition that can be fatal ..Particularly dangerous in terms of damage to large items,
- tampons can cause vaginitis or candidiasis,
- allergy in the form of redness, itching, swelling of the mucous membrane,
- when using scented swabs, allergies can occur,
- abnormalities of the genital organs - the vagina or hymen. But such cases are rare, and make up a small percentage of all women,
- if the vagina becomes excessively dry when using tampons), especially against the background of taking oral contraceptives) it is better to abandon their use, in order to avoid microtrauma of the genital organs,
- it is forbidden to use during the period of the appearance of postpartum secretions in order to avoid the appearance of infections.
The opinion of doctors
Doctors have a positive attitude to the use of tampons during menstruation, if a woman has no contraindications to this:
- The composition of the tampon is safe - cotton or viscose, or their combination, there is no synthetics or chemistry in the composition of the product. It is only necessary to correctly and strictly observe hygiene and technology for the introduction and removal of the tampon.
- Gynecologists indicate that this tool is suitable for adult women and virgins. They do not cause infertility, cancer or endometriosis.
- It is important to remove the swab on time, because its excessive presence in the vagina can lead to inflammation. Before the introduction of the swab, it is important to relax, you can take a couple of deep breaths, calm down.
- To get acquainted with tampons it is better to choose models with applicators - they are quite simple to use. When inserting / removing tampons, force should not be used; movements should be delicate and smooth.
- Doctors say that after urinating or defecating, the swab does not need to be changed. Do not be afraid that the tampon will cause the outflow of menstrual blood - it absorbs blood and does not act on the principle of a cork or menstrual cup.
- Also, do not be afraid that the fibers will remain inside, small fibers may move away from the swab, but the natural cleansing process will help get rid of the vagina. Studies have shown that these fibers are completely safe and do not remain in the vagina for a long time.
It is worth saying that tampons can be used from the very first menstruation. They provide reliable protection and comfort. If the pastime promises to be too active or the clothes are white, you can also use the daily routing for your safety.
Swabs also hold odors. When swimming in the sea or pool, tampons are really indispensable. But do not forget to clean the tampon at night, otherwise it can lead to discomfort and harmful consequences for the body.
It is better for young girls to ask their mother to teach them how to use a hygiene product. Do not be afraid of myths, the main thing is to study the proposed instructions and strictly follow it.